The Aspects of Wheelchair Mobility Test (AWMT) was developed for use in a repeated measures format to provide comparative effectiveness data on mobility facilitated by different wheelchair types. It consists of four-minute timed roll tests on three commonly encountered rolling environments. Each four-minute roll test is followed by a response question.

It has been used in preliminary studies to compare the mobility of wheelchairs designed for low-resource areas and is intended to be simple and flexible enough so as to be used in low-technology settings.


Rispin, K., Huff, K., Wee J., (2017) Test-retest reliability and construct validity of the Aspects of Wheelchair Mobility Test as a measure of the mobility of wheelchair users, African Journal of Disability; Vol 6 (2017), 6 pages. doi: 10.4102/ajod.v6i0.331

Rispin, K., Hamm, E., Wee, J., Discriminatory validity of the Aspects of Wheelchair Mobility Test as demonstrated by a comparison of four wheelchair types designed for use in low-resource areas, African Journal of Disability; Vol 6 (2017), 11 pages. doi: 10.4102/ajod.v6i0.332

Sasaki, K., Rispin, K. (2016). Assessment of Physiological Performance and Perception of Pushing Different Wheelchairs on Indoor Modular Units Simulating a Surface Roughness Often Encountered in Under-Resourced Settings. Assistive Technology.

Rispin, K., Wee, J. (2015). Comparison Between Performances of Three Types of Manual Wheelchairs Often Distributed in Low-Resource Settings. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology(0), 1-7.