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IFM QUIZ 1 -Madura

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

1. 

The commonly accepted goal of the MNC is to:
a.
maximize short-term earnings.
b.
maximize shareholder wealth.
c.
minimize risk.
d.
A and C.
e.
maximize international sales.
 

2. 

Which of the following theories identifies the non-transferability of resources as a reason for international business?
a.
theory of comparative advantage.
b.
imperfect markets theory.
c.
product cycle theory.
d.
none of the above.
 

3. 

Which of the following industries would most likely take advantage of lower costs in some less developed foreign countries?
a.
assembly line production.
b.
specialized professional services.
c.
nuclear missile planning.
d.
planning for more sophisticated computer technology.
 

4. 

The agency costs of an MNC are likely to be lower if it:
a.
scatters its subsidiaries across many foreign countries.
b.
increases its volume of international business.
c.
uses a centralized management style.
d.
A and B.
 

5. 

According to the text, products and services are generally becoming _______ standardized across countries, which tends to _______ the globalization of business.
a.
more; encourage
b.
more; discourage
c.
less; discourage
d.
less; encourage
 

6. 

The Single European Act of 1987 was primarily intended to:
a.
create more trade barriers between European countries.
b.
unify East Germany and West Germany.
c.
provide financial support for Eastern Europe.
d.
make regulations more uniform across industrialized countries in Europe.
 

7. 

Which of the following is an example of direct foreign investment?
a.
exporting to a country.
b.
establishing licensing arrangements in a country.
c.
purchasing existing companies in a country.
d.
investing directly (without brokers) in foreign stocks.
 

8. 

The main provision of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was that:
a.
the Mexican peso's value be tied to the Canadian dollar.
b.
Mexico be allowed to privatize its business.
c.
Mexico must impose a minimum wage that is similar to the minimum wage in the U.S.
d.
none of the above.
 

9. 

Which of the following is not mentioned in the text as a constraint interfering with the MNC goal?
a.
economic constraints.
b.
environmental constraints.
c.
regulatory constraints.
d.
ethical constraints.
 

10. 

Which of the following is not a provision or result of the Single European Act of 1987?
a.
increased regulatory uniformity among European countries.
b.
the phasing in of a common currency for all European countries by 1992.
c.
the removal of many taxes on goods traded between European countries.
d.
firms' ability to achieve economies of scale.
e.
all of the above.
 

11. 

Which of the following is not mentioned in the text as an additional risk resulting from international business?
a.
exchange rate fluctuations.
b.
political risk.
c.
interest rate risk.
d.
exposure to foreign economies.
 

12. 

Licensing obligates a firm to provide _____________, while franchising obligates a firm to provide _______________.
a.
a specialized sales or service strategy; its technology
b.
its technology; a specialized sales or service strategy
c.
its technology; its technology
d.
a specialized sales or service strategy; a specialized sales or service strategy
e.
its technology; an initial investment
 

13. 

In some countries, bribes are commonplace. If a U.S.-based MNC decides to adhere to a strict code of ethics and not pay bribes, its subsidiary may be at a competitive disadvantage in the foreign country.
a.
true.
b.
false.
 

14. 

Due to the larger opportunity set of funding sources around the world from which an MNC can choose, an MNC may be able to obtain capital at a lower cost than a purely domestic firm.
a.
true.
b.
false.
 

15. 

The Single European Act of 1987 made regulations more uniform among European countries. However, the cost of achieving this goal resulted in the imposition of additional taxes on goods traded between these countries.
a.
true.
b.
false.
 

16. 

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) of 1993 eliminated trade barriers between the United States and Mexico.
a.
true.
b.
false.
 

17. 

Although MNCs may need to convert currencies occasionally, they do not face any exchange rate risk, as exchange rates are stable over time.
a.
true.
b.
false.
 

18. 

One of the most prevalent factors conflicting with the realization of the goal of an MNC is the existence of agency problems.
a.
true.
b.
false.
 

19. 

A centralized management style for an MNC results in relatively high agency costs.
a.
true.
b.
false.
 

20. 

The imperfect markets theory states that factors of production are somewhat immobile, allowing firms to capitalize on a foreign country's resources.
a.
true.
b.
false.
 



 
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