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Catalog 2013-2014
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Biology, B.S. (BYBS)
Requirements List for 2013-2014
About the School of Arts and Sciences - About the Department of Biology - Major Program
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BIBL 1033   Biblical Literature
This survey provides an overall perspective for understanding the Bible within its historical and cultural setting. The course will focus on the reading of significant portions of the Bible so that students may grasp the framework and themes of the Old and New Testaments as well as the relationship between the Testaments. Throughout the course students will also develop skills in interpreting and applying the Bible to contemporary situations. Class 3.
 
BIBL 1043   Biblical Foundations For Living (L)
An introductory course highlighting the relationship between Biblical teaching and contemporary Christian living. This initial experience in the integration of faith and learning focuses on principles of Biblical interpretation and application. Students learn how to interpret core Biblical passages so as to give guidance for some of the tough issues Christians face today. Class 3.
 
BIBL     Jr.-Sr. Level Elective
Any Junior or Senior (3000 or 4000) level Bible (BIBL) course. Class 3.
 
BIBL     Jr.-Sr. Level Elective
Any Junior or Senior (3000 or 4000) level Bible (BIBL) course. Class 3.
 
BIOL 1111   General Biology Laboratory I
Laboratory work to be taken concurrently with BIOL 1113. Lab 3. Corequisite: BIOL 1113. (Fall)
 
BIOL 1113   General Biology I
Part one of a two semester introductory survey course designed to expose the student to fundamental concepts and principles drawn from the major areas of the biological sciences. The topics covered include: biological chemistry, cell biology, energetics, Mendelian and molecular genetics, and ecology. See also BIOL 1123. Class 3. Corequisite: BIOL 1111. (Fall)
 
BIOL 1121   General Biology Laboratory II
Laboratory work to be taken concurrently with BIOL 1123. Lab 3. Corequisite: BIOL 1123. (Spring)
 
BIOL 1123   General Biology II
Part two of a two semester introductory survey course designed to expose the student to fundamental concepts and principles drawn from the major areas of the biological sciences. The topics covered include: microbiology, invertebrate and vertebrate zoology, botany, and human anatomy and physiology. See also BIOL 1113. Class 3. Prerequisites: BIOL 1111 and BIOL 1113. Corequisite: BIOL 1121. (Spring)
 
BIOL 3204   General Microbiology
A detailed study of the morphology, physiology, and taxonomy of microorganisms. Topics will include a survey of all microorganisms and viral agents, in-depth functional aspects of prokaryotes, anti-microbial methods and strategies, host-parasite interactions, microbial diseases, and applied and environmental aspects. Laboratory work will include techniques for isolation and identification of major groups of microorganisms. Class 3. Lab 3. Prerequisites: BIOL 1113, BIOL 1123, and CHEM 1113. (Spring, Odd years)
 
BIOL 3404   General Genetics
A study of heredity principles, including molecular, Mendelian and population genetics. Genetic models from viruses to humans are used. The laboratory is a balance of experiments, learning molecular techniques as well as experimental work with Mendelian principles. Class 3. Lab 3. Prerequisites: BIOL 1113, BIOL 1123, and CHEM 1113. (Fall, Even years)
 
BIOL 3504   Principles Of Ecology And Field Biology
An introduction to ecological principles for all organisms in the environment, including a survey of the diversity of ecosystems. Topics will include study of energy flow, biogeochemical cycles, ecosystem development, populations, communities, and biomes. The laboratories will expose the student to factors that define ecosystems, methods of quantifying abiotic and biotic characteristics of ecosystems, and computer based models of ecological systems. Field trips to survey different ecosystems in the East Texas region will provide hands-on experiences. Class 3. Lab 3. Prerequisites: BIOL 1113 and BIOL 1123. (Fall, Odd years)
 
BIOL 3614   Integrated Comparative and Human Anatomy and Physiology I
Solutions to physiological challenges provided by human organ systems will be compared to those of other vertebrates. This will include the physiology, gross anatomy and histology of each organ system covered. This semester will cover energetics and biomechanics, the digestive, skin, musculoskeletal systems and development. Class 3. Lab 3. Prerequisites: BIOL 1111, BIOL 1113, BIOL 1121, BIOL 1123, CHEM 1111, and CHEM 1113. (Fall, Even years)
 
BIOL 3714   Integrated Comparative and Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Solutions to physiological challenges provided by human organ systems will be compared to those of other vertebrates. This will include the physiology, gross anatomy and histology of each organ system covered. This semester will cover ionic and osmotic balance, reproduction and the endocrine and nervous control systems. Class 3. Lab 3. Prerequisites: BIOL 3614. (Spring, Odd years)
 
BIOL 4314   Biochemistry I
A detailed study of the field of biochemistry including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, vitamins, enzymes, nucleic acids, and an introduction to metabolism. In-depth treatment of biological thermodynamics, protein structure, and enzyme kinetics. The laboratory reinforces the lecture but focuses on techniques for isolating, measuring, and manipulating biomolecules and includes study of enzyme kinetics. (Same as CHEM 4314.) Class 3. Lab 3. Prerequisites: BIOL 1123 and CHEM 2123. (Fall, Odd years)
 
BIOL 4323   Biochemistry II
A detailed study of fundamental metabolic pathways involved in the biosynthesis and degradation of lipids, nucleic acids, proteins, and carbohydrates. In-depth treatment of vitamins, glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, pentose phosphate pathway, TCA cycle, electron transport, oxidative phosphorylation, and photosynthesis. The central role of enzymes in the energy transduction, kinetics, and the flow of free energy will be demonstrated in the metabolic processes, and the importance of metabolic regulation will be stressed during consideration of the pathways. Furthermore, the interconnection of metabolic pathways and their adaptations during responses to stresses on the organism will be addressed in key examples. (Same as CHEM 4323.) Class 3. Lab 3. Prerequisite: BIOL 4314 or CHEM 4314. (Spring, Even years)
 
BIOL 4404   Cell Biology
A detailed study of mainly eukaryotic cell structure and function. Topics include the biochemical basis of cell structure, gene structure and expression, cell membrane structure, and mechanisms of cell-to-cell signaling. The laboratory will cover aspects of histology, physiology, and molecular biology of eukaryotic cell systems. Class 3. Lab 3. Prerequisites: BIOL 1113, BIOL 1123, and BIOL 4314. (Spring, Even years)
 
BIOL 4811   Senior Science and Christian Faith Seminar
Graduating seniors majoring in the natural sciences will explore various topics in natural science and Christian faith through readings and discussion. Topics will include origins of the cosmos, life, and humanity, as well as questions of ethics and stewardship. (Same as CHEM 4811 and PHYS 4811.) Class 1. Prerequisite: Senior standing. (Spring)
 
BIOL     Biology Practical Elective
To include undergraduate research, clinical observation or another approved substitution. Class 2.
 
BIOL     Biology Practical Elective
To include undergraduate research, clinical observation or another approved substitution. Class 1.
 
BIOL     Biology Practical Elective
To include undergraduate research, clinical observation or another approved substitution. Class 1.
 
CHEM 1111   General Chemistry I Laboratory
Laboratory work to be taken concurrently with CHEM 1113. Lab 3. Corequisite: CHEM 1113.
 
CHEM 1113   General Chemistry I
Examines all the general areas of modern chemistry. Included are atomic and molecular structure, periodic classification of the elements, acids and bases, solutions, thermodynamics, kinetics, electrochemistry, descriptive inorganic chemistry, nuclear chemistry, and an introduction to organic and biochemistry. Class 3. Prerequisite: MATH 1123. Corequisite: CHEM 1111.
 
CHEM 1121   General Chemistry II Laboratory
Laboratory work to be taken concurrently with CHEM 1123. Lab 3. Corequisite: CHEM 1123. (Spring)
 
CHEM 1123   General Chemistry II
Examines all the general areas of modern chemistry. Included are atomic and molecular structure, periodic classification of the elements, acids and bases, solutions, thermodynamics, kinetics, electrochemistry, descriptive inorganic chemistry, nuclear chemistry, and an introduction to organic and biochemistry. Class 3. Prerequisite: MATH 1123. Corequisite: CHEM 1121. (Spring)
 
CHEM 2111   Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
Laboratory work to be taken concurrently with CHEM 2113. Consists primarily of synthesis and purification of compounds and qualitative analysis of organic functional groups by chemical and instrumental methods. Lab 3. Prerequisites: CHEM 1121 and CHEM 1123. Corequisite: CHEM 2113. (Fall)
 
CHEM 2113   Organic Chemistry I
Includes structural theory of carbon compounds, stereo-chemistry, IR and NMR spectroscopy, reaction mechanisms, polymers, and a brief introduction to biochemistry. Class 3. Prerequisites: CHEM 1121 and CHEM 1123. Corequisite: CHEM 2111. (Fall)
 
CHEM 2121   Organic Chemistry II Laboratory
Laboratory work to be taken concurrently with CHEM 2123. Consists primarily of synthesis and purification of compounds and qualitative analysis of organic functional groups by chemical and instrumental methods. Lab 3. Prerequisites: CHEM 2111 and CHEM 2113. Corequisite: CHEM 2123. (Spring)
 
CHEM 2123   Organic Chemistry II
Includes structural theory of carbon compounds, stereo-chemistry, IR and NMR spectroscopy, reaction mechanisms, polymers, and a brief introduction to biochemistry. Class 3. Prerequisites: CHEM 2111 and CHEM 2113. Corequisite: CHEM 2121. (Spring)
 
COMM 1113   Introduction To Speech Communication
A study of basic oral communication principles, including verbal and nonverbal language, listening, group dynamics, and public speaking. Emphasis is upon application of these principles in the sending and receiving of different types of oral discourse. Class 3.
 
COSC 1303   Computer Science I
An introduction to the field of computer science. Problem solving strategies, basic data structures, and an introduction to algorithms in the context of a modern programming language. A first course in programming with an emphases on scientific and engineering applications. Class 2. Lab 1.
 
ENGL 1013   English Composition I
A study of effective writing, reading, and speaking. Emphasis is on effective personal and expository writing. (This course must be completed before reaching Junior standing.) Class 3. Prerequisite: Qualification on ACT or SAT exam or completion of ENGL 1004 with a grade of D..
 
ENGL 1023   English Composition II
A study of argumentation/logic and writing for the professions with an emphasis on using the personal computer to plan, draft, and revise written projects. Each student is required to write a fully documented research paper and give oral presentations in class. (This course must be completed before reaching Junior standing.) Class 3. Prerequisite: Completion of ENGL 1004 with a grade of C or better or ENGL 1013..
 
ENGL     Literature Elective
Any ENGL 2000+ level courses <b><u>except</u></b>:
ENGL 2011 Applied Journalism
ENGL 2603 Creative Writing
ENGL 3213 Technical Writing
ENGL 3223 Advanced Grammar and Composition
ENGL 3403 Journalism-Publications
ENGL 3413 Visual Literacy
ENGL 3931 English Internship
ENGL 4023 Writing for Digital Media
ENGL 4913 Literary Criticism
ENGL 4923 History of the English Language
ENGL 4931 Digital Writing Practicum
Class 3.
 
ENGL     Literature Elective
Any ENGL 2000+ level courses <b><u>except</u></b>:
ENGL 2011 Applied Journalism
ENGL 2603 Creative Writing
ENGL 3213 Technical Writing
ENGL 3223 Advanced Grammar and Composition
ENGL 3403 Journalism-Publications
ENGL 3413 Visual Literacy
ENGL 3931 English Internship
ENGL 4023 Writing for Digital Media
ENGL 4913 Literary Criticism
ENGL 4923 History of the English Language
ENGL 4931 Digital Writing Practicum
Class 3.
 
HIST 1113   Western Civilization To 1715 (L)
A general survey that emphasizes the technological, intellectual, and religious impact of western culture, especially as it influenced developments of the recent past. Class 3. Corequisite: ENGL 1013. (Fall) HIST 2113 American History to 1865 may be substituted for HIST 1113.
 
HIST 1123   Western Civilization From 1715 (L)
Covers world events and significant movements from 1715 to the present. Particular attention is given to the progress of civilization and the development of society in modern history. Class 3. Corequisite: ENGL 1013. (Spring) HIST 2123 American History from 1865 may be substituted for HIST 1123.
 
HUMA 1153   Introduction To Fine Arts
A survey course giving exposure to various music and art forms through their historical developments in the western world. Musical forms from classical to modern are explored. Art forms such as architecture, sculpture, and painting are traced from the Greek-Roman period to the present. Class 3.
 
KINE     Physical Activities
Offerings include: aerobics, archery, action games, badminton, basketball, bowling, fitness, flag football, golf, racquetball, scuba diving, soccer, swimming, tennis, volleyball, weight training, etc. (Half of semester.) Class 1.
 
KINE 1512   Concepts Of Lifetime Fitness
General studies requirement under Kinesiology. The course examines various concepts of health and physical fitness with the purpose of encouraging the student to establish positive patterns of activity and healthful living. Class 2.
 
LETU 1101   Cornerstones Of Life And Learning (L)
This course introduces students to the LeTourneau University community and prepares them for the pursuit of whole person education and lifelong learning. It helps students explore and learn how to fulfill God's unique design for their lives through a holistic approach that establishes four essential cornerstones of life and learning: personal, intellectual, spiritual, and community development. Class 1.
 
MATH 1423   Elementary Statistics
An introductory treatment of research statistics. Included are frequency distribution, graphic representation, correlation, sampling theory, probability, and statistical hypotheses. Not applicable to graduation requirements in mathematics or engineering. Class 3. Prerequisite: MATH 1123 or equivalent.
 
MATH 1903   Calculus I
An introduction to calculus with emphasis on concepts and principles. Topics studied include limits, derivatives, applications of derivatives, and antiderivatives. Class 3. Prerequisites: MATH 1252 and MATH 1303, or equivalent.
 
PHIL 2063   Comparative Ethics (L)
An introductory philosophical study of ethics from a variety of worldviews. Students will be guided through philosophical analysis of the principles of ethics—such as nature of moral law, virtue, and freedom—and encouraged to critically reflect upon these the various philosophical formulations. Class 3.
 
PHYS 1111   General Physics I Laboratory
Laboratory work to be taken concurrently with PHYS 1113. Lab 3. Prerequisite: MATH 1203 or MATH 1303. Corequisites: MATH 1252 and PHYS 1113. (Spring)
 
PHYS 1113   General Physics I
Principles of mechanics, heat, sound, electricity, magnetism, and light for technology or liberal arts students. Not applicable for degree requirements in engineering, mathematics, the B. S. in chemistry, or a minor in physics. Class 3. Prerequisite: MATH 1203 or MATH 1303. Corequisites: MATH 1252 and PHYS 1111. (Spring)
 
PHYS 1121   General Physics II Laboratory
Laboratory work to be taken concurrently with PHYS 1123. Lab 3. Prerequisites: PHYS 1111, MATH 1252 and either MATH 1203 or MATH 1303. Corequisite: PHYS 1123. (Fall)
 
PHYS 1123   General Physics II
Principles of mechanics, heat, sound, electricity, magnetism, and light for technology or liberal arts students. Not applicable for degree requirements in engineering, mathematics, the B. S. in chemistry, or a minor in physics. Class 3. Prerequisites: PHYS 1113, MATH 1252 and either MATH 1203 or MATH 1303. Corequisite: PHYS 1121. (Fall)
 
POLS 2103   Federal, State, And Local Government
The structure and operation of American government on the national, state, and local levels stressing an understanding of legislative and administrative procedure. Special attention is given to Texas government policy and processes. This course may not be taken for credit by anyone who has passed POLS 2503 or POLS 2603. This course is recommended for teacher education majors. Class 3. Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher standing. POLS 3203 Introduction to Political Science (Spring) may be substituted for POLS 2103.
 
PSYC 2013   Introduction To Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Fundamental theories, problems, and procedures relating to human activity. Biological, social, and cultural factors in development. Topics include neuroscience, development, gender, sensation and perception, learning, memory, thinking, motivation and emotion, stress, personality, psychological disorders and therapy, and social psychology. Class 3.
 
      Fulfill English Proficiency Requirement
All students must demonstrate proficiency in English by passing either the English Proficiency Examination or ENGL 1001 English Review. Completion of this requirement by exam must take place before a student reaches senior status, otherwise ENGL 1001 must be taken every semester after reaching senior status until successfully completed.
 
Total Hours: 126