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Guide to FAA Pilot Ratings & Certifications

FAA Pilot Certifications & Ratings

Student Pilot

More information in 14 CFR Part 61 Subpart C

  • What it is – Your FAA Medical Certificate (class I, class II, or class III)
  • What it lets you do – During your private pilot training, student pilot certificate allows student to fly solo flights. Leads to Private Pilot, Recreational Pilot, or Sport Pilot certificates. Required to begin Private Pilot training at LETU.
  • What it takes – Must be 16, know English, and pass a minimal of 3rd class medical exam. LeTourneau University recommends minimal of 2nd class medical for training.

 

Private Pilot Certificate

More information in 14 CFR Part 61 Subpart E

  • What it is – This is the first certificated step on the way to becoming a professional pilot.
  • What it lets you do – Allows student to act as pilot in command of a non-complex aircraft and fly passengers for non-profit.
  • What it takes (not a complete list) – Must be 17 years old. Must be proficient in English. Must have FAA Medical Certificate. Must pass FAA knowledge test and check ride (an oral and practical exam.)

Courses Required:

  • Ground School Dual Credit Course McKinney ISD/LETU (Flight Science I - AERF1113)
    • Prepares student to take FAA knowledge test (sometimes referred to as a “written exam.”
  • LETU Primary Flight I (AERF 1111)
  • LETU Primary Flight II (AERF 1121)
  • LeTourneau Flight Operations (AERF1112)

Flight Time:

  • AERF 1111 approximately 30 flight hours
  • AERF 1121 approximately 30 flight hours

 

Instrument Rating

More information in 14 CFR Part 61.65

  • What it is – An add-on to the Private Pilot Certificate.
  • What it lets you do – Allows the pilot to fly in weather conditions that prohibit reference to the ground for navigation or physical orientation (IFR).
  • What it takes (not a complete list) – Must have Private Pilot Certificate. Must have FAA Medical Certificate. Must pass FAA knowledge test and check ride.

Courses Required:

  • LETU Flight Science II (AERF 2103) – Prepares student to take FAA knowledge test.
  • LETU Instrument Flight (AERF 3412)

Flight Time:

  • AERF 3412 approximately 24 flight hours and 22 hours in an Aviation Training Device.

 

Commercial Pilot

More information in 14 CFR Part 61 Subpart F

  • What it is – a professional Pilot Certificate.
  • What it lets you do – Allows a pilot to be paid for piloting an aircraft.
  • What it takes (not a complete list) – Must have Private Pilot Certificate. Must be 18 years old. Must have FAA Medical Certificate (2nd class). Must pass FAA knowledge test and check ride.
  • Examples of Pilot jobs – Pipeline patrol, Corporate aviation, Special use of Aircraft (e.g. mapping, crop dusting)

Multi-Engine Rating:

  • What it is – Allows the pilot to operate an airplane with two or more engines. This rating can be added to a private pilot certificate.
  • Why it is important – most commercial flying jobs require a multi-engine rating since most airplanes used in commercial operations have two or more engines.

Courses Required:

  • LETU Flight Science III (AERF 3103) – Prepares student to take FAA knowledge test
  • LETU Commercial Flight I (AERF 2311)
  • LETU Commercial Flight II Multi-Engine Operations (AERF 3411)
  • LETU Commercial Flight III Multi-Engine Operations (AERF 3512)

Flight Time:

  • AERF 2311 approximately 24 flight hours
  • AERF 3411 approximately 18 flight hours and 12 hours in an Aviation Training Device
  • AERF 3512 approximately 25 flight hours and 5 hours in an Aviation Training Device

 

Airline Transport Pilot (ATP)

More information in 14 CFR Part 61 Subpart G

  • What it is – The airline transport pilot certificate allows a pilot to be employed at an airline. This certificate is obtained after graduation from LeTourneau once experience and training requirements are met.
  • What it takes (not a complete list) – Must have Commercial Pilot Certificate with an Instrument Rating. Must be 23 years old. Must have FAA Medical Certificate. Must have 1500 hours of flight experience. Must pass FAA knowledge test.

Restricted ATP:

LeTourneau University has been granted approval to provide a 500 hour reduction towards the ATP Certificate upon completion of the Bachelor of Science degree with Professional Flight Concentration.

Students who graduate from LeTourneau University with a Bachelor of Science degree with Professional Flight Concentration are eligible for a transcript endorsement leading to a restricted ATP Certificate with 1,000 hours of flight experience. Students who graduate from unapproved institutions require 1,500 hours of flight experience prior to ATP certification. This also allows students to qualify for the ATP certification at the age of 21 instead of having to wait until they are 23 years of age. Students can enter the airline industry more quickly because of this approval.

  • Reduced flight time minimums can be granted to graduates of collegiate flight programs based on the number of professional flight courses provided.
  • Graduates of the programs can receive an R-ATP and enter the airline workforce more quickly after graduation.

 

Certified Flight Instructor (CFI)

More information in 14 CFR Part 61 Subpart H

  • What it is – a certificate issued in addition to a pilot certificate.
  • What it lets you do – Allows a pilot to teach others to fly airplanes.
  • What it takes (not a complete list) – Must have Commercial Pilot Certificate. Must be 18 years old. Must pass FAA knowledge tests and check rides.
  • Why it is important – Required to be considered for the Envoy and SkyWest Airline pilot hiring agreements, excellent way to acquire flight experience required for employment with most companies (airlines, business aviation, etc.)

Multi-Engine Rating (MEI):

  • What it is – Allows the pilot to teach people to fly an airplane with two or more engines. This rating is the first flight instructor certificate attainable at LeTourneau University.
  • Why it is important – A complex airplane is required for the first flight instructor certificate check ride. The multi-engine airplanes operated by LeTourneau University satisfy this requirement.

Single-Engine Rating:

  • What it is – Allows the pilot to teach people to fly an airplane with one engine. This rating is added to the initial flight instructor certificate at LeTourneau University.

Instrument Rating (CFII):

  • What it is – Allows the pilot to teach people to fly an airplane in weather conditions that prohibit reference to the ground for navigation or physical orientation (IFR). This rating is added to the initial flight instructor certificate at LeTourneau University.

 


Questions? Contact:

 

Jovita Perez-Segovia
Enrollment Officer, Aviation & Aeronautical Science

(903) 233-4346
JovitaPerezSegovia@letu.edu

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